Improving Students’ Reading Comprehension in Recount Text through Reciprocal teaching technique: A Classroom Action Research at the Eighth Grade Students of Junior High School in Pontianak in the Academic Year 2014/2015

Uray Rosalia


The purpose of the classroom action research is to find out the effectiveness of reciprocal teaching technique to improve the students’ reading comprehension. The participants of this research were 35 students of the eighth grade, class VIII-A at junior high school in Pontianak. The participants were chosen through purposive sampling, class eight was selected because they had had problem in reading comprehension since they were in grade seven. The data collecting technique of this research includes observation checklist and field note. They were covered in observation technique while reading test was covered in measurement technique. The findings showed that the students’ understanding in reading comprehension improved and this was proven by the result of reading test from each cycle, the first cycle mean score was 52.57, second cycle was 63.14, and the third cycle was 71.71. The last cycle means score was categorized as good. The improvements in students understanding indicates that reciprocal teaching technique is effective and applicable when it deals with students’ problem in reading recount text. For the teachers, this teaching technique can be a good alternative when they encounter problems in teaching reading.


Reciprocal teaching technique, reading comprehension

Full Text:



Abrahams, Frank. and Abrahams, Daniel. (2010). The Impact of Reciprocal Teaching on the Development of Musical Understanding in High School Student Members of Performing Ensembles: An Action Research. Visions of Research in Music Education, 15. Retrieved from http://www‐

Arifin, Z., Halim, Z. A,. Sham, N. M. M., & Shukry, A. S. M. (2013). The Readability of the Arabic Prose Text. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 17 (3), 338-343.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2000). Research Methods in Education (5th ed). New York: RoutledgeFalmer.

Furqon. (2008). Statistika Terapan Untuk Penelitian. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Harahap, D. R. (2013). The Application of Reciprocal Teaching Method in Improving Students Reading Comprehension Achievement in Reading Recount Text. Medan: Indonesia.

Park, H. (2008). Critical Review: The use of reciprocal teaching to improve reading comprehension of both normal learning and learning disabled individuals in the reading to learn stage. [M.Cl.Sc. (SLP) Candidate]: School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, U.W.O.

Liu, Feng. (2009). The Effect of Three Test Methods on Reading Comprehension: An Experiment. China: School of Foreign Languages, Qingdao University of Science and Technology.

Klingner, J. K., Vaughn, S., & Boardman, A. (2007). Teaching Reading Comprehension to Students with Learning Difficulties. New York: The Guilford Press.

Kurniawan, A. (2013). Improving Students’ Reading Comprehension On Narrative Text Through Story Maping Strategy. Tanjungpura University: Pontianak

Namaghi, S. A. O. & Shahhosseini, M. R. (2011). On the Effect of Reciprocal Teaching Strategy on EFL Learners’ Reading Proficiency. Journal of Language Teaching and Research . 2(6).

Roltgen, T. (2012). Will Reciprocal Teaching and Double Entry Journals Increase the Comprehension of My Struggling Seventh Grade Students?. USA: Whitehall Preparatory and Fitness Academy. Retrieved from :

Seymour, J. R., & Osana, H. P. (2003). Reciprocal Teaching procedures and principles:two teachers’ developing understanding. Teaching and Teacher Education. 19, 325–344.

Sianturi, R. A. & Sumarsih. (2012). Improving Students Achievement in Reading Narrative Text by Using Reciprocal Teaching Technique Methode. UNIMED Library. 1 (2).

Palupiningsih, A. (2011). Testing Reading Comprehension using Cloze Test and Cloze-Elide Test among the Year-10th Students of SMAN 1 Depok in the Academic Year of 2010/2011. Yogyakarta: University of Yogyakarta


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Uray Rosalia